Winter/Tropical Fruit & Vegetable
You are here:> Home> Research Institute/Team

Research Institute/Team

South Subtropical Crops Research Institute

Author:No From:Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences Date:2017-09-27 Hits:
     1. Overview
     The South Subtropical Crops Research Institute (SSCRI) of the Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, is the only national public research institute engaged in south subtropical crops research. It is located in Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province. It was established in Xuwen County, Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province in January 1954 and was called Xuwen Experimental Station at that time. Upon relocating to Zhanjiang City in 1958, it was renamed as Yuexi Experimental Station. In 1987, the Yuexi Experimental Station was replaced by the South Subtropical Crops Research Institute. In October 2002, SSCRI was listed as a national non-profit research institute, as part of the results of the national research institutes management system reform.

     SSCRI has presently 182 staff of whom 38 are senior scientists, 2 postdoctoral fellows, 30 PhD holders or candidates, and 38 master degree holders.

     The SSCRI is located and based in Zhanjiang, servicing the whole south subtropical area for rural development, agricultural development and farmer benefits. The dry-hot region of Jinsha River in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces, the river valley region of Youjiang of the Guangxi Autonomous Region, Zhanjiang area in Leizhou Peninsula, Guangdong Province, and Dehong area of Yunnan Province are key service areas of the institute. The Institute promotes the exploration and innovation of science and technology services in the form of practical technology to “new peasant schools,” “small science and technology courtyards,” and “farmhouse classrooms.” It also endevours to increase farmers income, as well as improve social and economic benefits in the south subtropical area of China.

     2. Contact Information
     Research Office: Tel: + 86-759-2859210
               Fax: + 86-759-2859124
     Address: NO. 1, HuXiu Road, Mazhang District, Zhanjiang, Guangdong, 524091, P. R.China 
     3. Research Areas
     The SSCRI is mandated to perform basic, applied basic and common key technology-oriented applied researches on economically important crops in south subtropical regions, focusing on germplasm resources and genetic breeding, cultivation and physiology, post-harvest storage and preservation, effective utilization of agricultural resources, and environmental protection. The Institute tries to develop new elite cultivates or varieties of various subtropical crops, and form corresponding farming technology for the varieties to give high quality and high yield output, and strengthen technical integration, demonstration, and extension services.

     Key research areas include innovative use of germplasm resources and genetic breeding, studies on the physiology and cultivation of crops, study of south subtropical agricultural resource utilization and environment management, and post-harvest physiology and storage technology.

     4. Main Achievements
     In the past 10 years, SSCRI has undertaken over 50 national projects and has completed more than 120 science and technology achievements, including 5 national awards and 22 provincial and ministerial awards, and held 44 patents.

     Currently, the institute conserves over 2600 accessions of tropical crops collected domestically and exotically. It is the biggest mango, pineapple, and sisal germplasm resources keeper in China. In cooperation with a number of local institutions and farmers, SSCRI developed key technology for late-mango production, and brought about some new mango varieties, CATAS No. 1, No. 2, R2E2, and Zillate late-maturing new variety, found out methods to control mango anthracnose, solved the problem of on- and off-year bearing, and a series of key technical problems. SSCRI has boosted the development of the mango industry belt in the dry and hot Jinsha River Valley with late-ripening mango varieties. In addition, SSCRI also has also solved the country’s problem of poor old lychee orchard planting density, unreasonable product structure, and low product quality and safety level. “The transformation of low-yielding lychee technology” has been extended to approximately 50 000ha, bringing in an annual increase of income of more than RMB 500 million.

     Additionally, SSCRI established a preliminary framework for the construction of pineapple industry’s technology system in China. For this, some new and excellent pineapple varieties have been recommended and released by the institute, as well as a variety of renewal and structure adjustments in the main pineapple region of the country. Further, the institute promotes research, assembly, integration, optimization of high yield, high quality, and cost-effective cultivation techniques of pineapple, an open service industry, and the sustainable development of China’s pineapple industry.

     Moreover, the institute fosters the introduction of H2, Nanya No. 1, No. 2, and other macadamia varieties. By recommendation of suitable varieties to different locations, its improved varieties of macadamia account for more than 85% of the planted area. Development of seedling cultivation and high-yield cultivation techniques for integration to the mainstream agricultural industry has been recommended and promoted by the Ministry of Agriculture, PRC. The research and extension efforts of the Institute has helped the macadamia industry from an initial zero production area to the current production area at 133 334 ha.
    World Tropical Zone